Diaphragm is one of the non-hormonal methods of protection against unwanted pregnancy. It has a high efficiency rate (95%) if it is well positioned, it can be reused and it is recommended for women who do not support the condom or are not allowed to use contraceptives. You must know that this does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
What is the diaphragm?
The diaphragm is a rubber cup (silicone) in the shape of a "dome" (resembles a non-condom condom) that is inserted into the vagina and has the role of blocking sperm penetration into the uterus and fertilization. The rubber or material from which it is made is soft and flexible, and the circular support on the edges is specially designed to allow it to attach to the vagina.
Who can use the diaphragm?
This method can be used by most women without any inconvenience or discomfort. It is especially recommended for women who do not like male condoms (they have an allergy to them) or who cannot take contraceptives for various reasons.
How safe is the diaphragm?
If used properly, the diaphragm is a very efficient and safe method. It has a 95% success rate. But those who use it should be trained to properly insert it into the vagina before sexual contact. If the diaphragm is used in combination with the condom then the efficiency is 100%.
How is the diaphragm used correctly in contraception?
At first it will be harder and everything will be complicated. After a while the whole process of introduction will look like a flower to your ear. The most recommended positions for its introduction are:
- on the chair / toilet bowl;
- on back with knees bent;
- with one leg on the chair and one down;
- come on;
- on the back with knees raised and removed etc.
Put a little spermicide in the diaphragm cup to increase the protection rate even more. Tighten the lip of the diaphragm between the thumb and forefinger. Then, with one hand remove the lips, and with the other insert the diaphragm as deep into the vagina! Each diaphragm is accompanied by instructions for use, and some of them also have pictures to better understand how to insert the diaphragm. Read and analyze them carefully and make sure you follow the steps.
When should you insert / remove the diaphragm in / out of the vagina?
It should be used no later than 6 hours before sexual contact. It is best to introduce yourself about 2 hours before having sex. It is considered that after this period, the added spermicide no longer has the expected effect. After sexual contact, the diaphragm should not be removed immediately. You have to wait at least another 6 hours or you can leave it until the second day because nothing happens. If you remove it in less than 6 hours from sexual contact there is a risk of becoming pregnant. Also, if you still want to have sexual contact, then leave the diaphragm in the vagina and just insert spermicide. To remove it you need to insert your finger as deep into the vagina and grab it by the edge.
How to clean it?
The diaphragm can be reused. After it is removed, wash with soap and warm water. You should check after each use not to be broken or drilled. For this you can fill it with water and you can wait to see if the water flows through it or you can point it to the light to observe any holes.
Are there any side effects or contraindications to using this method?
The most common adverse effect is vaginal irritation. But allergies from latex or the material from which it is created, toxic shock syndrome or irregularities in the vagina and cervix may also occur. But these are quite rare. In addition, it is not indicated for women who have had toxic shock syndrome in the past. Specialists argue that it also favors the occurrence of urinary infections, because it has to stay long enough in the vagina and before and after sexual contact.
Tags Contraceptive methods Contagious diseases Unplanned pregnancy