Complications of scarlet fever in children

Complications of scarlet fever in children

Complications of scarlet fever in children occur if the disease is left undiagnosed or not properly treated. These can be mild, medium or complicated and most often take the form of sinusitis, otitis, pneumonia and - in very severe cases - fever or meningitis may occur. However, they are very rare in children.

Scarlatina is a contagious disease, common among children, produced by a microbe called hemolytic streptococcus. It is transmitted in particular plum direct contact with a patient or carrier of the bacterium.

Complications of scarlet fever in children

Scarlatina closely resembles strep throat infection, but also with other respiratory streptococcal infections caused by group A streptococci. Thus, its risks are similar to theirs.

Complications of this condition occur if the streptococcus spreads from the neck to other tissues and other organs of the body. The most common complications are sinuses or tonsils.

There may also be problems if the bacteria spreads in the blood into the lymphatic system and other organs such as the brain or heart.

Also read: How does it manifest and how is scarlet fever treated in children?

The most common complications that occur in children as a result of scarlet fever infection are:

  • sinusitis;
  • otitis media (ear infection);
  • meningitis;
  • rheumatic fever (a very serious condition that affects the heart, joints, nervous system and skin);
  • pneumonia;
  • bacteremia (a kind of septicemia);
  • adenitis (inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck);
  • abscesses.

Antibiotic treatments, specific to this infection, greatly reduce the occurrence of complications. Today, complications of this condition are very rare, due to the continuous and efficient development of therapeutic schemes.

Complications early, medium and late

Complications of scarlet fever can be divided into categories and depending on the time of their appearance, doctors say.

Some of them may occur even while the disease is manifest (early), others appear after the infection spreads to neighboring organs (medium), and the latter appear later, about 20-21 days after the onset of the disease (late).

Also read: Scarlet pregnancy can affect the development of the baby

Early or early complications:

  • bleeding;
  • toxic hepatitis;
  • toxic nephritis (kidney disease);
  • toxic encephalitis;
  • i am toxic etc.

Medium Complications:

  • infections of neighboring organs (sinusitis, otitis, adenitis, etc.);
  • infections of other organs caused by the spread of the infection in the body (pneumonias, meningitis, abscesses, arthritis, etc.) - are extremely rare and appear due to other conditions suffered by children, which could weaken their immune system.

Late complications

There are isolated cases and it is manifested mainly by acute articular rheumatism or erythema nodosum (a kind of vasculitis).

However, it should be noted that these complications are very rare and that, as a rule, the disease is detected in time based on the symptomatology, so that treatment can have its effect and avoid these problems, which can be extremely dangerous.

Learn to recognize scarlet fever in children!

The most common symptoms of scarlartin in children are:

  • fever;
  • sore throats;
  • chills;
  • headache;
  • coated tongue;
  • blush;
  • loss of appetite;
  • vomiting;
  • skin rashes (neck, trunk and limbs);
  • stomach pains etc.

Also read: Scarlatina in children symptoms and treatment

Tags Scarlatina in children Scarlatina symptoms Scarlatina Contagious diseases