Abortion or medically induced abortion is a willful termination of pregnancy, which is generally used by women who become pregnant without having intended it or when complications arise in the medical field.
In either case, there are risks and consequences of the procedure that any woman must take into account, by far the most serious of them being sterility.
What is abortion?
Abortion, unlike spontaneous abortion, is an intentional termination of pregnancy, which does not arise from natural causes, but is performed at the request of the pregnancy.
Also the abortion caused is called when the doctor detects medical abnormalities in the mother or fetus (also called medical induced abortion).This is done either by the administration of drugs or by surgery.
Surgical and medicinal method
Most often, surgery is used to perform curettage, but in some cases it may be necessary to use the medication for this purpose.
There are a few essential things you need to know when applying for this pregnancy termination measure:
drugs are used (misoprostol, mifepristine, methotrexate);
can be performed only in the first 9 weeks of pregnancy;
requires a thorough medical consultation prior to the administration of the method;
it is done in two stages: a first consultation and a first dose of medication, followed by a few days of the second consultation and another dose;
vaginal bleeding lasts about two weeks;
has an efficiency of 98%.
It is achieved by using a sharp object inserted into the uterus that cleans its wall, to remove the load. He is also called curettage.
it can be done in the first trimester of pregnancy (3 weeks maximum 12), but in exceptional cases (especially medical) it can be done in the second trimester;
a manual or mechanical suction of fetal tissue from the uterus may occur via a tube;
it is more effective than the drug (99%);
it has a shorter period of vaginal bleeding than the medicinal one;
it is performed quickly (in 15-20 minutes) and does not require hospitalization.
Risks and consequences of abortion on women's health
Although there is a notion that interrupting pregnancy is not dangerous and has become a routine among more and more women, they do not know that there are a number of serious consequences and risks.
Before making such a decision, a pregnant woman should weigh well the options she has and what exactly the decision she makes implies.
In the abortion caused may occur:
hormonal imbalances that can cause damage to internal organs, seriously affecting their functionality;
severe intoxication of the body (especially in the case of drug abortion) and exposure to teratogenic effects;
severe infections that heal very hard (especially in the surgical one) manifested by headaches, muscle aches, dizziness, altered general condition;
glandular disorders (of the ovaries, menstrual cycle disorder);
sterility (caused by neuro-hormonal disorders or uterine synechia) - this may be short-term or definitive - is one of the most serious complications that can occur;
Abundant and long-lasting vaginal bleeding;
severe pain and inflammation of the vaginal area;
nausea, vomiting, bloating or constipation may suggest some complications of this process.
Sterility - the highest risk when it comes to abortion!
Before making a miscarriage, the first thing women ask is if they can still get pregnant in the future! Although these pregnancy termination techniques are not intended to affect women's fertility, the complications that result from a miscarriage can be devastating, even if the percentage of cases is low.
The most serious complication would be the inability of the woman to ever have children again, a physical infirmity that will have serious repercussions on her psychic and on the mental health of the whole family, in most cases affecting the couple's relationship.
What doctors call and what conditions are met before the procedure?
The right to perform abortions belongs only to the family doctors (if they have such training) and the gynecologist.
Before carrying out the procedure, it is absolutely necessary to respect some essential rules:
analysis of vital signs of the patient: blood pressure, heart rate, pulse;
pelvic examination that fully investigates the state of the uterus at that time;
Laboratory exams: pregnancy test, blood and urine test, blood group, Pap smear, BTS testing.
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