Eating eggs is not a bad thing, but when a person is allergic to this food, that person's body thinks it is invaded. Specifically, in the case of people allergic to eggs, their immune system reacts to the proteins in the eggs and when these foods reach the digestive system, the body feels invaded and causes allergic reactions.
Specifically, it creates certain antibodies that fight the food. These antibodies release chemicals into the body, including histamine. These chemicals can affect the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal tract, the skin or the cardiovascular system.
Among the most known allergic reactions in this case are:
- fainting state;
- stomach pain;
- itching sensation.
Most children are allergic to albumin proteins, but there are cases when an intolerance to yellow proteins can develop. Egg allergy generally occurs in very young children, and most manage to overcome this allergy by the age of five.
Most of the time, the egg allergy occurs within minutes after eating the egg, and the symptoms last less than a day. Symptoms affect three parts of the body:
- the skin, in the form of red irritations, eczema or swelling around the mouth;
- gastrointestinal tract, in the form of stomach cramps, diarrhea, vomiting or nausea;
- respiratory tract, by sneezing, coughing, dizziness, itching in the nose and eyes.
The symptoms listed above are present in most cases, but there are some children who get into anaphylactic shock.
Its manifestations are:
- inflammation of the mouth, throat or airway, which leads to very difficult breathing;
- low blood pressure;
- manifestations of confusion;
How to diagnose egg allergy
If the doctor considers that the little one suffers from an egg allergy, he will recommend you to ask an allergist, who will ask you about the money related to how often this child has had an allergic reaction, if there are cases of allergic people in the family. or how much time has elapsed between egg consumption and allergic reactions.
At the same time, he can also do some skin tests. Specifically, it will extract the liquid protein from the egg and place it on the child's forearm or behind it to see if the skin is red in that area.
Furthermore, the allergist will be able to request a blood sample that will be mixed with different allergens to track the blood reaction. In some cases, these tests are not enough, and the doctor sometimes even asks the child to eat in his presence the food that he is suspected of being allergic to in real-time to see the child's reactions.
What is the treatment for egg allergy
For a child or even a mature person it is quite difficult to live with an egg allergy. This is because although it seems easy to say that you avoid eating eggs, it is quite difficult to avoid all the foods that have eggs in them. If the child suffers from a severe egg allergy, the doctor will want the parent to receive a dose of epinephrine, which comes as an injection.
If the little one accidentally eats eggs, or a food in which the egg is made, and gets into anaphylactic shock, the parent should inject them with epinephrine and go to a hospital very quickly. This is because in most such cases, a second shock may occur, and the child should be monitored between four and eight hours after the first shock.
In the past, many of those who were allergic to eggs were interested in getting the flu shot, given that this vaccine develops inside an egg. Health experts say that this vaccine is safe even for allergic people, the amount of egg allergens being very small. Even so, a child allergic to eggs should make this vaccine in a cabinet, under the supervision of the doctor.
To protect your child from egg consumption always check the packaging. This is because producers are obliged to write down all the foods they use, but the environment in which they are processed.
So the announcement that the food "contain you", "product using eggs" or "produced in a factory where eggs are processed" should be sufficient to avoid the product in question. Also, for safety, check the list of all the ingredients, where the word "egg" does not need to appear. Avoid products that contain albumin, globulin, ovalbumin, ovomucin, ovomucoid, lysozyme or livetin.
At the same time, when visiting family or friends, it is necessary to have a separate food package for the child to avoid an unpleasant episode.
When cooking at home, look for solutions to replace the egg with other nutritious foods and when preparing baby food avoid using the utensils you used when preparing food that also contains egg.
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