Insect bites such as bees, wasps or certain species of tropical ants can cause allergic reactions because of the venom that penetrates the skin following the stings. Often, the usual reactions to venom can be confused with allergic reactions, which is why it is important to know what the difference is.
Insect bites are usually accompanied by pain, local inflammation and redness of the skin.
More severe reactions include symptoms such as:
- spread of irritations on larger areas of the skin;
- wheezing and shaking breath;
- damping the area where the sting occurred.
Allergic reactions to insect bites can occur at any age and are very dangerous in 0.4 - 0.8% of the cases where the protagonists are children, respectively in 3% of the cases targeting adults.
How allergy to insects manifests
The allergic person may have the following symptoms after being bitten by an insect:
- severe pain;
- the skin and face are reddish;
- difficulty in breathing;
- itching and hives;
- the damping of the limbs if the sting is on them;
- abdominal cramps;
- soft chair;
- decrease of the pulse and loss of consciousness;
- Anaphylaxis, which is a threatening reaction to the life of allergic people.
Treating insect allergies
The first thing any doctor will suggest if your child is allergic to insects is to avoid exposing him to an environment in which they live. At the same time, it will prescribe and teach you how to use an adrenaline injection, which could save your son or daughter's life in the event of an anaphylactic shock.
Diagnosis of allergies to insects
The allergist will need to know the history of allergies in your family and your partner, in order to be able to correctly diagnose your child. You will need to provide her with information about allergic reactions you or other family members have had.
He will be able to diagnose allergy following a skin test by exposure, blood tests or an intradermal skin test. The first test involves applying insect venom to the forearm and superficial scratching of the skin with a sterile needle; if the skin becomes irritated or inflamed within the next 15-20 minutes, this can confirm an allergy.
The blood tests are collected and tested in the laboratory, and their results are conclusive only after a few days after the collection, but it does not present any danger for the allergic ones prone to anaphylaxis.
If the test results are not conclusive, the allergist will recommend an intradermal test; this is done by injecting a small amount of venom under the skin, following which the doctor will follow the allergic reactions that usually do not delay more than 15 minutes; this test is considered the most eloquent.
Remedies and recommendations for children's allergies to insects
Most insects with allergenic venom are more active in late summer and early fall. During this time, you should not allow your child to walk barefoot on the grass or drink water and soft drinks from containers that have been left open.
Wear it when you are away and avoid using personal care products with a sweet scent when you take a bath. Also, avoid dressing it in light colors or in clothes with floral prints.
Be careful whenever you approach bushes, house eaves, bridges or other places where it is possible to have insect nests. Call a specialist company to remove insect nests around the house.
Regarding the treatment, the allergist will prescribe a prescription for the adrenaline injectable, which you should always have at hand, if your child has serious symptoms that can lead to anaphylaxis, in case of an insect bite. This could save his life.
For long-term protection, the allergist may suggest treating your child's allergy through immunotherapy, namely systematic injection in increasing doses of allergenic venom, to build tolerance gradually.
Immunotherapy reduces the risk of severe allergy symptoms, and treatment can last between 3 and 5 years most of the time, but there are also cases where it can be extended for unlimited periods.
Immunotherapy is done to treat allergies to bee or wasp stings, but for insects such as tropical ants have not yet been found ways in which the venom can be extracted and used for treatments.
The treatment of symptoms is done with the help of preventive treatments, but also with the help of antihistamines and corticosteroids. Oxygen and intravenous treatments are also quite common and help.
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