About 5% of primary school children are allergic to nuts and peanuts. These are part of the list of the most common allergens and are present in the most unexpected preparations or spices, such as chili powder.
Although hazelnuts are actually vegetables and belong to the same family in which peas and lentils are found, the proteins they contain are similar to those found in nuts.
Therefore, children and adults allergic to peanuts are most often allergic to nuts, almonds, hazelnuts, macadamia or Brazil nuts, pistachios, pecans or cashews.
How nut and nut allergy manifests
The immune system of children may feel threatened by the possible harmful effects of proteins from nuts and nuts and then act to protect their body by creating antibodies such as immunoglobulin E, which in turn promotes the release of histamines into the body. Histamines affect the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal tract, the skin and the respiratory system.
- stomach pain accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea;
- skin itching;
- decrease of blood pressure;
- heavy breathing.
Often, the reactions can be very mild, as are the moments when they are limited to the appearance of red spots on the skin, accompanied by itching. Other times, reactions such as wheezing and difficult breathing or decreased pulse can lead to loss of consciousness and fainting and, in the worst cases, to anaphylactic shock that can be a real threat to the lives of people suffering from allergies to nuts and nuts. .
Diagnosis of allergies to nuts and nuts
Even the smallest amounts of such ingested foods can cause allergic reactions if your child is sensitive to them. If you notice any such changes or if it causes intestinal and stomach pain or has red spots on your body when consuming nuts or peanuts, you should do some analysis to properly diagnose the allergy.
The most common skin tests include the direct application of allergens to the skin and their mild injury using sterile instruments in clinics; the reactions are immediate, if the allergies are confirmed and manifested by redness and inflammation of the skin in the tested area.
The method is very invasive and very well tolerated by children. Another method is the direct exposure, namely the ingestion of nuts or peanuts and tracking, for several hours, the reactions.
Both methods are quite risky for children and adults prone to anaphylaxis, so the safest method of testing, even if a little more painful, remains the blood tests, the result of which is not as fast as in the other tests.
Treatments for children allergic to nuts and peanuts
The most common treatments for mild symptoms of food allergies generally include antihistamines. In addition, pain relievers can relieve cramps, as other types of medications can eliminate nausea and vomiting.
But in very serious cases, it is advisable to have a dose of adrenaline injectable at your fingertips, which could save your child in the event of a very severe reaction such as anaphylactic shock. This will be prescribed by the allergist, who will also teach you how and in what situations to administer it.
Recommendations for parents whose children suffer from allergies to nuts and peanuts
First of all, you should know that most food allergies to the most potent allergens such as crustaceans, fish, nuts, and peanuts remain active throughout life. Therefore, you must make sure that your little one will not consume such food.
To completely remove them from your regular diet, carefully read the labels of the processed foods you buy and make sure they do not contain oils or proteins from nuts and nuts.
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