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Rotavirus infection

Rotavirus infection

Vaccinate your child early against rotavirus infection

  • children under one year are the most exposed, and the infection is transmitted especially during the cold season;
  • Early vaccination, before the first rotavirus infection, can prevent most cases of the disease

In Romania, extremely many children and parents have a common disease that can lead to severe complications - rotavirus gastroenteritis. Thousands of children are diagnosed annually with rotavirus gastroenteritis, and the most serious cases are hospitalized (1). Studies show a very high prevalence in children - it is estimated that 95% of children will become infected before they reach the age of 5 (2).

Prevention is one of the best ways to take care of yourself and your family. In this context, the Romanian Society of Pediatrics launched the campaign "To protect the childhood together".

What is rotavirus infection?

Rotavirus is the leading cause of acute diarrhea and vomiting in infants and young children worldwide. Rotavirus infection is more common in young children and almost one in three children will become infected in the first months of life. In severe forms, the disease can cause up to 20 episodes of severe diarrhea and vomiting per day, which can lead to dehydration, and for some babies this dehydration is so severe that babies should be hospitalized (3).

Vaccination protects children in the long term

Early vaccination, before the first infection with rotavirus, can prevent most cases of severe disease and its complications in children. Up to 100% of hospitalizations caused by rotavirus gastroenteritis and 96% of severe disease can be prevented by vaccination.

In Romania anti-rotavirus vaccination has been available since 2008.

How to transmit rotavirus

The rotavirus, contagious and resistant to most household hygiene products, is transmitted mainly through hand-mouth contact, more precisely by taking the virus from the fecal matter infected on the hands and then into the oral cavity. It can also be easily transmitted to places where children play together, such as nurseries.

Prophylactic symptoms and recommendations

Rotavirus infection is similar to other digestive infections:

  • severe watery diarrhea (over three soft stools per day);
  • severe vomiting;
  • abdominal pain or cramps;
  • fever;
  • seizures.

Recommended hygiene practices include:

  • frequent washing of hands, both children and those who come into contact with them, especially after changing their diapers, after using the pot or the toilet;
  • limiting as far as possible the mouth-mouth contact;
  • periodic disinfection of the play space and toys;

Ask your family doctor about rotavirus infection and how it can be prevented.

References:

1. INSP, Report for 2009 - Analysis of the evolution of communicable diseases under supervision
2. Linhares AC and Bresee JS, Pan Am J Public Health 2000; 8 (5): 305-330
3. Soriano-Gabarró M. et al. Burden of rotavirus disease in European Union countries. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006; 25 (1 Suppl): S7_S11

Tags Rotavirus Rotavirus infection Children Vaccinate children