Asthma and various allergic rhinitis are present in millions of people. Thus, it is very important that each person understands what he has and knows how to treat or diminish the symptoms.
How do we identify the presence of asthma?
Asthma is classified as a chronic disease and manifests itself through a quite sensitive bronchial mucosa, especially to external factors. That is why, when a person has an asthma attack, they feel the acute need for air.
Excessive perspiration, dry cough, but also very cold peripheral areas and the presence of eggplant-colored lips are part of the manifestations of this disease. Also, the person who suffers from asthma often has the sensation of suffocation and chest tightness.
The most common form of the disease is allergic. Allergic asthma appears as a reaction in the presence dust, mildew, pollen or animal hair. On the streets in the spring there is an air filled with dandelion, these particles causing allergies to both children and adults. In case the allergic forms presented above are felt, a visit to a doctor is indicated.
For personal safety, anyone has the opportunity to perform a test that can measure how well they breathe. This test may be requested by the specialist doctor or may even be indicated by the pulmonologist.
The measurement of the health of the lungs represents, in fact, investigations into the air in the lungs, as well as how it can be inspired and expired and in general it investigates its flow. This test is also called spirometry and is defined by the method of measuring the air in the lungs and its flow inside and outside them.
Testing is very simple, the results being provided on the spot. The duration of this test is 10-15 minutes and consists of blowing in a tube that is connected to a computer that records how you breathe.
What can we do to get rid of this disease?
There are special sprays that the patient must use, inhaling the substance present in them. Usually, the drugs used to combat the symptoms of the disease are decongestion.
But there are also vaccines that can be given once a week for a certain period of time. They are considered as a treatment option, but the most common drugs are antihistamines.
It is good, however, for the affected person to avoid the factors that can cause an allergic reaction. For example, the people in question can avoid pollen and dust from the air by avoiding leaving the house very early in the morning, closing the windows and using the air conditioning.
On very sunny days, the amount of pollen in the atmosphere is much higher as opposed to rainy or cloudy days. Also, especially in spring, there is also fluff that should be avoided as far as possible.
Inhaled medicines are often preferred because the substance of these inhales directly into the airways, the side effects being weak.
Even if an asthma attack is treated or prevented, it is also advisable to use control medicines, which are necessary to control the evolution of asthma. It is much better to prevent than to treat and that is why one pill a day can adjust the symptoms of the disease.
Moreover, there is no specific cause to certify the presence of this disease. On the other hand, the treatments that exist on the market control the disease situation quite well, reducing the inflammation of the airways and normalizing the inflammations present in the lungs.
However, there are extreme cases, cases that threaten the patients' lives and therefore it is essential to maintain a treatment, respecting the administration of anti-asthmatic drugs.
What are the recommended analyzes?
At the same time, your pulmonologist can study your medical record. After an anamnesis, the patient should be subjected to blood and lung tests. At the same time, there are biopsies and x-rays that can be performed and that help to establish a more precise treatment.
All these tests actually show the body and the health of the patient suffering from asthma. Thus, the specialist doctor may recommend a treatment according to his card. Personalized treatments yield because a drug can have different reactions in different people, can cure one human and aggravate the condition of another.
Remember that the best test for finding information about the lungs and their air is spirometry. With this help you can measure the amount of air that the lungs exhale after a deep breath and the volume that expires with power in one breath.
Also, doctors can find out how fast the patient can breathe and how much air he can breathe in a minute, but also how much air he can breathe in the same time period. Spirometry can also measure the amount of air that can be inhaled deeply and exhaled as slowly as possible.
Asthma tags Spring allergies Cold air asthma children