Sinusitis or sinus infection manifests through nasal congestion, facial pressure, cough and aqueous and abundant nasal leakage. The sinuses are the cavities that surround the eyes, cheekbones and the inside of the nose.
These contain mucus, which helps to heat, moisten and filter the air we breathe. When something blocks the mucus and prevents it from draining normally, it can be an infection.
Sinusitis is acute when its symptoms last less than 4 weeks. Most cases of acute sinusitis manifest as a common cold, even in children. These usually disappear after about 10 days, but in some cases they can degenerate into a bacterial infection.
Chronic sinusitis is confirmed by doctors when symptoms manifest for a longer period of 12 weeks, despite the administration of the drug treatment.
Children suffering from allergic rhinitis or bronchial asthma are also prone to chronic sinusitis, precisely because the airway inflammation is imminent in such cases. Sinusitis can be caused by a bacterial or fungal infection, deviations of the septum, large polyps or, in very rare cases, certain deficiencies of the immune system.
Symptoms of sinusitis and its diagnosis
Sinus infections are most often manifested by inflammation of the airways, and the breathing process is thus difficult. Nose, eye or forehead pain are common symptoms of sinusitis, as well as increased sensitivity to cold and the consumption of very cold foods or drinks.
The eyes can be visibly inflamed due to the infection and can tear in certain situations when exposed to irritating factors such as wind. Symptoms can often be confused with colds, especially in acute sinusitis.
Migraines can also be present in such cases, and the pain can sometimes cause those who suffer from sinusitis to get dizzy due to saccharized breathing and insufficient oxygenation of the brain.
Regarding the diagnosis of sinusitis, a general practitioner consultation may be sufficient. This can be done by palpation, if it is a purulent infection, respectively by following the evolution of the symptoms.
If they disappear in less than 4 weeks, it is an acute sinusitis, but when their duration is extended, the doctor will recommend treatment for chronic sinusitis. Cranial radiographs, sinus tomography, nasal endoscopy and laboratory tests are the methods by which sinusitis can be diagnosed correctly in the shortest time.
Treatment of sinusitis in children
The most common treatment for sinusitis is the drug. This may consist of intravenous or bone administration of antibiotics at regular intervals. These can be mucolytic, secretolytic, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine.
In parallel, doctors often recommend nasal pits hygiene and vasoconstrictive spray administration. In the case of severe infections, it can even reach the drainage of the purulent secretions from the maxillary sinus or to the sinus puncture, by surgical methods.
If sinusitis was caused by a deviation of the nasal septum or due to enlarged polyps, specific surgery could improve its symptoms or cause it to disappear permanently, as the case may be.
Recommendations for parents whose children suffer from sinusitis
When your child is suffering from sinus pain, you should schedule it as soon as possible for a consultation. Insist on the causes that can be removed, such as research into a possible deviation of the septum or the larger dimensions of the polyps.
Protect it from low temperatures, which can worsen pain and from very cold foods or drinks and insist on consistent nasal hygiene.
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