Over the past thirty years, there has been an increase in the number of allergies. This is due to natural phenomena such as air pollution or climate change, or antibiotics which in some respects may be responsible for the development of allergies in recent decades.
Researchers still fail to fully understand why some substances trigger allergies while others do not. Another unknown in the world of science is why there are some people who have very strong symptoms, while others are not affected at all.
Among the most exposed to allergies are children. For most of them, nasal allergies are the most common upper airway problem. About 40% of young people suffer from a nasal allergy. For some, this is just a slight discomfort, while for others it causes them to fall asleep or to perform a child's normal activities.
What is the difference between a simple cold and the first signs of an allergy
Problems arise when some parents confuse these allergies with colds because of similar symptoms. The child sneezes, runs his nose or feels his throat charged. In case of a cold, the child has a thick nasal discharge, fever and in some cases pain, but these symptoms disappear in three to five days.
In the case of allergies, there is no fever, an aqueous secretion flows from the nose and itching in the eyes and nose area. The symptoms in these cases can last for several months and come back every time during the same time of year.
There are two types of nasal allergies, and unfortunately, some children face both. The most common is seasonal allergic rhinitis, which "hits" during the spring when there is a lot of pollen in the air. For some, the symptoms can be felt even during the summer or autumn. The second type is perennial allergic rhinitis and is triggered by allergens such as dust, mildew, pets or the presence of cockroaches.
When the child suffers from an allergy, the immune system releases inflammatory chemicals into the blood to attack what is perceived as an invader.
Each time the baby is exposed to allergens, the symptoms return, in some cases more and more severe. The stranger is the first defensive line of the body.
Allergens irritate the nasal mucosa and sneezing is the only way to get rid of it. At the same time, they irritate the eyes, the nose and create the sensation of itching.
In the case of children under three years of age, the detection of an allergy is not easy. Most often, they face perennial allergies, in dogs, cats or dust.
This is because it takes several years for the child to be exposed to pollen to develop a seasonal allergy. However, iear infections, wheezing or rash there are signs that the little one is prone to rhinitis or food allergies in the future.
What is allergic rhinitis treated with?
There are many drugs on the market that could help reduce the severity of symptoms, but it is very important that they be recommended by a specialist doctor. This is because it is not obligatory for an antihistamines that worked in one child to work in the other.
Antihistamines are the main drugs that are prescribed for allergic rhinitis and can help reduce the symptoms. If they do not bring general improvements, the doctor may change the prescription to improve the symptoms.
In some cases, anti-allergic drugs can cause dry mouth or nose, stomach problems, irritability, insomnia or hyperactivity. If adverse reactions are observed it is recommended to discontinue the drug treatment.
Washing with salt water is another treatment that can prove effective because it helps with nasal decongestion.
Children suffering from allergic rhinitis should not be treated with nasal sprays. Although they may be effective in the short term, the symptoms become much stronger when they stop this treatment. At the same time, many want to resort to natural therapy, but so far there is no study to certify that they can cure allergic rhinitis.
Immunotherapy "teases" the symptoms
There are cases in which some children get the right treatment but fail to get rid of the symptoms. In these cases, your pediatrician will refer you to an allergist to determine if there is an allergy type.
Evidence will be collected from areas where the child has itching. Once it has been discovered what triggers these rashes, the child may be prevented from certain foods or situations that cause allergy.
At the same time, children over five can start immunotherapy, which can last from two to five years. If this is effective, the child may become less sensitive to allergens and the symptoms will become milder. The purpose is to wait for spring without the need for more packages of napkins.
Tags Allergies Colds